Georgian Citizens Detained by Russian Occupying Forces: 2009-2019
In 2009-2019 (until August 29) a total of 3,193 Georgian citizens were detained by occupying forces for “illegally crossing” the so-called border.
Out of them, 1,932 were detained for crossing the occupation line with Abkhazia, while 1,261 for crossing the occupation line with Tskhinvali.
Since 2009, the occupying forces have detained an average of 5-6 Georgian citizens a week. In 2013, this number increased to over 10 people.
Illegal detentions generally last for 2-3 days, although there are cases where citizens remain in long-term illegal detention.
Russian occupying forces have so far installed more than 53km of barbed wire fences along the occupation line with the Tskhinvali region.
Data Source: State Security Service of Georgia
The visualization was prepared in frames of the project - Empowering Watchdog Community for Government Accountability, funded by the Governments of Czechia, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia through Visegrad Grants from International Visegrad Fund. The mission of the fund is to advance ideas for sustainable regional cooperation in Central Europe. The responsibility of the content of the visualization lies with the Institute for Development of Freedom of Information (IDFI). It does not necessarily reflect the opinions of International Visegrad Fund.
Results of Periodic Technical Inspection of Vehicles
- Vehicle exhaust is the main problem in terms of air pollution;
- Total number of cars, which were subject to technical inspection through this period is 232,470;
- Cars aged 10 or more years are the most dangerous for air pollution;
- 59% of cars produced before 2009 passed the technical inspection (primary + secondary);
- The newer the car, the less likely it is to fail the inspection;
- Report of the State Audit Office: “Municipal transport is a big challenge in terms of air pollution. Most of them fail to pass the technical inspection”;
- Ministry of Internal Affairs is unable to isolate data on municipal transport in technical inspection records;
- Car owners paid over GEL 16 million for primary technical inspection in the thirteen months of 2018 and February of 2019;
- Car owners who failed to take their cars for inspection were fined for about GEL 1 million in 2018.
See full analysis in Georgian
Data Source: Ministry of Internal Affairs of Georgia
Data of Secret Eavesdropping in Georgia
In 2018, the share of motions connected to telephone surveillance was 11% out of all secret investigative actions;
Compared to 2017, the number of considered and granted motions on secret telephone surveillance almost doubled in 2018;
Over the past two years, courts approved 93-94% of the filed motions on secret telephone surveillance;
Compared to 2017, the number of considered motions at courts connected to the membership of the “criminal underworld” and “being a thief in law” increased 17 times in 2018;
In the last three years, only 15 motions were filed on secret telephone surveillance connected to the crimes of terrorist activities, sabotage, creation of illegal formations, conspiracy or rebellion.
See the full study
Data Source : Supreme Court of Georgia
Statistics of Secret Investigative Actions in Georgia: 2015-2018
- The number of filed motions in 2018 is two times more than in 2016;
- The rate of granted motions increased from 86% to 97%;
Types of secret investigative actions are the following:
1) Wiretapping and Secret Recording of Telephone Communications;
2) Removal and Recording of Information from a Communications Channel and Computer System;
3) Real-time Identification of a Geolocation;
4) Monitoring of Post and Telegraphic Communications;
5) Secret Video /Audio Recording, Film and Photo Shooting;
6) Electronic Surveillance through Technical Means.
Source of the data: Supreme Court of Georgia
See the full study
Gender Composition of Georgian Business
Nearly twice as many men are involved in commercial activities in Georgia as women. Men also outnumber women two to one on the highest position of management;
The highest share of women (42%) can be found among Individual Entrepreneurs in Georgia.
Data Source: National Statistics Office of Georgia
Which Countries’ Citizens are Most Often Refused to Enter Georgia at the Border?
IDFI's analysis of the statistics of refusal to enter Georgia to foreign citizens at the Georgian border revealed the following findings:
The number of refusals to let foreign citizens enter the country has been declining over the past 4 years.
In the last four years, most refusals of entry were given to the citizens of Turkey, Azerbaijan, Russia, Iran and India. The citizens of these countries made up 58% of all those who were refused entry into the country.
In the last two years, citizens of India were refused entry most often.
In 2015, the largest share of refusals of entry fell on Turkish (33%) and Azerbaijani (13%) citizens.
The Ministry of Internal Affairs does not keep a record of the bases for refusal of entry into Georgia to foreign citizens.
In 2017, the National Bureau of Enforcement sold 1,695 pieces of real estate, among these 1,258 constituted residential areas;
Among the indicators for the sales of mortgaged real estate, the largest shares of creditors were represented by natural persons (649 cases) and commercial banks (625 cases).
Patients Funded for Overseas Treatment in 2015-2017
In 2015-2017, a total of 1,191 patients were provided funding for overseas treatment from the state budget, with 14.4 million GEL spent;
In 2015-2017, the largest share of patients (35%) funded for overseas treatment were seeking treatment for oncological problems;
In 2015-2017, on average the largest amount of funds (18 867,5 GEL) was allocated to treatment of patients of liver and kidney pathology (transplants), while the smallest amount of funds was spent on the treatment of ophthalmology.
Statistical Data on Interpol Searches and Extradition: 2015-2017
On November 2nd, 2017 and April 24th, 2018 IDFI sent FOI letters to the Prosecutor’s Office of Georgia regarding statistical information on the requests sent to the Interpol by the Prosecutor’s Office with the aim of initiating Red Notice searches and requests sent to foreign law enforcement agencies regarding the extradition of wanted persons. The Prosecutor’s Office provided the requested information on November 21st, 2017.
Search by Interpol
State addresses the International Criminal Police Organization – the Interpol with requests for the initiation of international searches of persons who have been found guilty or stand accused of criminal activity based on a decision of a national court. If the request is granted, the Interpol publishes a notice regarding the initiation of international Red Notice search. The purpose of the Red Notice search is to locate the person that is under search, temporary arrest him/her in the host state with a subsequent transfer to the state that made the initial request.
During 2010-2017 the Prosecutor’s Office of Georgia addressed the Interpol with 163 requests to initiate Red Notice searches. The number of requests has declined noticeably during last years. During 2010-2013 110 requests were sent to the Interpol, during 2014 - 2017 (November) – 53 requests.
The Interpol granted all requests sent by the Prosecutor’s Office during 2017, a request sent in 2016 is still under deliberation and two requests sent in 2015 were denied.
Extradition –State addresses a foreign law enforcement agency with the request to transfer a person who has been found guilty through a court decision or stand accused of crimes. If the request is granted, the guilty/accused person is transferred to the state submitting the request.
During 2010-2017, the Prosecutor’s Office of Georgia sent 295 requests of extradition to foreign law enforcement agencies. During recent years the number of the requests has significantly declined compared to the data of 2010-2011.
As of to-date 19% of the requests for extradition submitted during 2017 have been satisfied, in 2016 the abovementioned equaled to 30.3%, while in 2015 to - 46.9%. The declining percentile share of granted requests during recent years can be explained by the high percentile share of requests that are still under deliberation.
Data Source: Prosecutor's Office of Georgia